Did you know ... the Wathaurong People had a deep knowledge of the quality and uses of various hard stones such as flint, greenstone, silcrete, quartz and chert?


The Wathaurong were able to use the sophisticated technique of napping stones in order to make a large variety of weapons and utensils. For example, flint flakes as sharp as razor blades, were used in many different ways such as points on the end of spears, or as knives and saws for cutting meat, or as scrapers for shaping tools.

The Wathaurong People around Geelong were known to have the best stone for axes and these axes were usually bound into cleft sticks using kangaroo sinews and were finished off with grass tree resin or wattle tree gum. The kangaroo sinews contracted and tightened as they dried and the resin or gum bonded just like a modern day fibreglass.

Although stone implements were the most durable, very often bone was used for making a variety of tools such as awls for making small holes, needles and fish hooks.

In the book ‘Wathaurong – The People who said No’ (2003), Bruce Pascoe writes:

‘There was almost no end to the ingenious applications the people could find for things found in the environment’. Bruce once found ‘a seamstresses needle sharpening kit which had a series of graded holes for sharpening various diameter needle points, a notch for cutting thread, grooves for sharpening bone hole punches, and made as neat as you like from a piece of stone’.

Provided by Uncle David Tournier